UMPIRE HAND SIGNALS
Footwork - stepping, running, hopping, dragging your GROUNDED foot along the ground.
Short Pass - where your team mate is to close to pass the ball. Put the ball on the ground if a penalty of free pass.
Over a third - Where the ball hasn't been touched in a third.
Contact - Where you touch another with or without the ball.
Obstruction - Where you are too close to the person with the ball. ( 3 feet 0.9m) You put your hands up before you gained your distance.
Held ball - Where you have held the ball longer than up to 3 seconds
Breaking - Where a player crosses the transverse line before the whistle for the centre pass has sounded.
Not Clear - Where a player hasn't made it back behind the transverse line, prior to whistle been blown for centre pass.
Replay Ball - Where a player has control of the ball and drops it and catches it. If the goaler has taken a shot and it hasn't touched any part of the goal ring or another player.